The city

Foz do Iguaçu is the city with the largest frontier population in Brazil, with some 256,088 inhabitants, according to a 2010 IBGE census. It’s GDP is BRL 6.7 billion and the per capita GDP, BRL 20,613.46. It Gini coefficient, which gauges inequality in income distribution, is 0.45, better than the national average (0.56) and that of the state of Paraná (0.49).


It is ideally located on the tri-point border of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, in the geographical center of Mercosur. Thanks to its strategic location, it is at the head of a new metropolitan region. Approximately 2 million people live within a 170 km radius of Foz do Iguaçu, considering the three countries. Of these, 1.2 million live in the western region of Paraná. Thus, it is an important destination for both national and international tourists.


Recognized as an international tourist destination, home to one of the seven new wonders of nature, the Iguassu Falls, as well as the world’s largest hydroelectric plant in terms of energy generation, Itaipu Binacional, the city stands out as the second most popular destinations among foreign visitors in Brazil, according to a survey by Embratur. It is also considered one of five Brazilian cities that attract the most national and international events tourism, according to the International Congress and Convention Association – ICCA.


Furthermore, Foz do Iguaçu is first among non-capital cities in the Competitiveness Study of 65 Regional Tourism Development Inducing Destinations, conducted by the Getúlio Vargas Foundation on behalf of the Ministry of Tourism – MTur.


The city is home to one of the six major hotel clusters in Brazil, with over 23,000 beds. It also offers one of the country’s best infrastructures for hosting events. Together, its convention centers are able to receive 40,000 people, simultaneously.


It is estimated that Destination Iguassu, as it is known nationally and internationally, welcomes over 5 million tourist per year, totaling those that visit the Iguassu Falls, on the Brazilian and Argentine sides, those that visit Itaipu Binacional and take part in national and international events, and those who head to the region for shopping in Ciudad del Este, in Paraguay. The Iguassu Falls receive 2.5 million tourists per year, on the Brazilian and Argentina sides of the Iguassu National Park. Itaipu Binacional welcomes some 500,000 visitors/year. And events draw an additional 300,000 visitors.


Thanks to expressive spontaneous media and a fixed calendar of events that project a positive image of the city, in recent years, Foz do Iguaçu has transformed into a quality tourist destination for leisure, events and eco-adventure. On the back of this new image, a new shopping tourism has developed in Ciudad del Este, in Paraguay, aimed at the Brazilian middle class and no longer the lower classed “sacoleiros”, or bag shoppers.


A cosmopolitan city home to 72 ethnicities, Foz do Iguaçu is also reaffirming its status as a hub of knowledge and new technologies. It is also the focus of renewed public and private investments. The creation of the Itaipu Technological Park (ITP) and the Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA), in Foz do Iguaçu, with architectural design by Oscar Niemeyer and expected to cater to 10,000 Brazilian and Latin American students, will transform the region into a hub of expertise and academic activities. On the other hand, the construction of a 500 kV power line, linking Itaipu to Asunción, will permit the installation of major Brazilian and foreign electro-intensive companies, promoting the industrial development of the region from Alto Paraná to Asunción, in Paraguay.


With over 24 daily/regular flights, the Foz do Iguaçu International Airport has stood out in recent years as one of the country’s fastest growing airports. In 2011, it totaled 1,690,310 passenger arrivals and departures, the country’s highest growth rate. It now wants to develop its international vocation, positioning itself as a port of entry and exit to and from Brazil from the west coast, forming what could be called the Hub of Mercosur and the Andean nations. Through this, the airport will offer fast connections to the United States, Central America, China, India, South Korea, Australia and Japan.


This consolidation is essential to the city continuing to develop the tourism industry and establish itself as a hub of knowledge, service provision and new technologies.


- Foz do Iguaçu City Hall.


- Foz do Iguaçu – Wikipedia, free encyclopedia